Food Waste Around the World, Episode 40: France

Food Waste Around the World is a Food Circle project to provide information and raise awareness about food waste. The project is designed as a series of interviews with students from different countries to understand how this issue is tackled and perceived around the world. This is made possible thanks to Sapient, the mother company of Food Circle, which every year offers internships to students from all around the globe, creating a uniquely multicultural environment.


Today we speak with Eric, who is from France!


"I’ve noticed in France that we’re all making an effort. If we continue, slowly but surely, we will achieve success against food waste!"

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But first, some context


Before we get into the interview, it's important to look at some facts about France's goals and performance.


What sustainable targets have France set?

According to the UN Sustainable Development Goal 12, France is committed to these targets:

  • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.

  • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse.

  • By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature.

What about its performance?

Impact Economist compares 78 different countries and their performance in tackling food waste. I will present 3 of the measured performance indicators for France. (Koehring et al. 2021)


1) Food loss and waste:


France is 16th. It's placement in the top quartile reflects the countries' efforts that it has been making. Food loss is well understood and efforts are clearly being taken to address the problem. By setting food waste targets, and starting to measure food waste more systematically. Strong policy responses are being put in place to tackle the problem! France is especially successful at tackling food loss.


2) Food Sustainability index (FSI)

France is ranked 12th. Defined by Impact Economist, The Food Sustainability index measures: "food waste targets, private institutions, formal land rights, public financing and research institutions for agricultural innovation, the prevalence of undernourishment, and the affordability of healthy and sustainable diets".


The index aims to capture the bigger picture and not just to look at the figures of food waste and food loss, but to judge the whole food system as a whole. Judging by the FSI of France, its food system is moving towards their food waste targets.


3) Sustainable agriculture:

France is ranked 33rd.


It seems like this is a problem bigger than just France alone. "Sustainable agriculture [is] not something that is being prioritised by even the top performing countries in their international climate commitments".


Regardless, this is the area that France can improve. If sustainable agriculture and its unique solutions interest you, I recommend you read our article about it.


In the same spirit of Food Waste Around the World, France could learn how to improve it's sustainable agriculture performance by looking at the success and ingenuity of other nations. It is suggested that to become a "top performer" for sustainable agriculture, France must develop "robust policy responses to tackle key issues around sustainable water management "and must encourage private sector investment in sustainable agriculture.


“Some low-to-lower-middle-income countries, such as Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria and Zimbabwe

are setting examples on how to better integrate climate action with agricultural activities.” Perhaps we could learn a thing or two from them!


Shockingly, just 22 countries have a dedicated food waste strategy (Koehring et al. 2021). So if you learn something from this article, please share it with others :).

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Now that I’ve got that out of the way, let’s talk to our guest!


“Today, I am interviewing Eric. We are going to be talking about the situation of food waste in France. Can you briefly introduce yourself?”


My name is Eric and I’m 21 years old. I was born in France and grew up here. I’m currently studying a masters programme at the University of Burgundy. Studying, a wide course that covers lots of subjects, there's a lot to learn and I enjoy it.


It also gives me plenty of different directions to go after university. Since I'm skilled in English and Russian but also business in the food industry, economics, marketing, communication and more.


"Interesting. Speaking of food waste, what have you noticed about the state of the food waste problem in France?”


I can say that I have seen a lot of improvement. Our government makes a lot of effort to tackling the problem, that’s for sure. So much progress has happened while I’ve been growing up.


I see things changing in all areas: There are more organizations and legislation to reduce food waste, there are more initiatives too. As more time passes, I see more people starting to care about it.


For example in my small town, we have seen communal compost bins setup on my street. It’s very common for people to put their leftover vegetables and expired food in there. I like it because it helps clear my conscience when food goes bad or rotten, it helps return those nutrients to the soil.


To fund my driving lessons a couple years ago I got a job as a trash collector. Every day, I was seeing a shocking amount of food waste in people’s bins. My colleagues and I often discussed this; people were throwing away perfectly good food. Food that could still be eaten. We now have laws that make you responsible to either donate leftover food to food banks or to compost it. Throwing away food waste has been changed by the French government.


I've watched this change happen and I just hope that supermarkets and other grocery stores are respecting this.


“Do you know of any significant organisations that are tackling food waste?”


A really popular app that I know of is “Too good to go”. I personally prefer the French organisation PHENIX, it has a similar model. A notification tells you when a seller has unsold food and you can then go and pick this up for an affordable price. I like that it can increase profit for the seller but also creates an opportunity for individuals.


There’s a strong incentive for students especially. Once you have your own apartment and bills and have a lot to pay out for, you will take any opportunity to save money on your food, with the added benefit of reducing food waste.


“What’s the most frustrating thing to you about food waste?”


For me it’s the quantity that is wasted in France. I’ve read that it’s almost 10 million tonnes being wasted each year. That's impressive. When you think that 1 car weighs about 1 ton. Visualising 10 million cars worth of food waste makes it seem more real. Moreover, this equates to a wasted 16 billion euros!


“Does France have any unique ideas could be shared with other countries? What could we can learn from the French?”


The European Union is the big driving force for change in Europe. So maybe countries outside could look at the EUs environmental policies and legislation.


To create more change, I think that organisations should be collaborating to send a strong message to the European parliament and the rest of the world. Organisations like “Too Good To Go” and “Phenix” could gather together and send a strong message. I think they would be stronger together. They could make more noise and get more attention and then hopefully make more changes.


“Is there anything else you would like to add? What would you recommend people do differently?”


Parents should teach their kids not to waste food. Spreading these values from one generation down to the next is a really important thing.


Another thing is that schools could develop a better policy for dealing with food waste. Or some standard policies could be implemented nationwide, if not already.


When I was much younger and I used to eat in the school cafeteria, I noticed something when choosing the food that I wanted to eat. Some children were bigger, some weren't very hungry, but the food served was the same for everyone. And it was very normal to throw away our leftovers. Fortunately, while I was there I saw this change and it became common in my school to tell the chefs how much you want and how much you think you will eat. I think that this should be common everywhere.


I’ve noticed in France that we’re all making an effort. If we continue slowly but surely, we will achieve success against food waste!


“Thanks so much for your time!”


That was a conversation with Eric from our Social Media team at Food Circle.


Interviewed: Eric Iline

Interviewer: Henry Mitchell

Writer: Henry Mitchell

 

Notable NGOs and Legislation



NGOs

Friends of the Earth France

"Friends of the Earth France forms a local network composed of 30 autonomous local groups that act according to their own priorities and support the national and international campaigns with a shared vision for social and environmental justice. The main activities that Friends of the Earth France are currently focused on include":

  • Transition and ecology

  • Agriculture and food

  • Economic justice

  • Energy and resources

  • Risks and technology


Survie

"Survie is an NGO established in 1984 to fight corruption and hunger in third-world countries. The organization also denounces all forms of French neo-colonial intervention in Africa and advocates for a change in French foreign policy in Africa, specifically in Rwanda".



Secours Populaire Francais (SPF)

"SPF was established in 1945 with an aim to fight against poverty and exclusion of marginalized populations both in France and across the world, bringing together people with different backgrounds and origins, who wish to live in solidarity".

"SPF’s activities in France revolve around problems encircling exclusion, emergency aid based on food and clothing, as well as emergency housing. The organization also supports families and individuals in access to housing, health, holidays, culture and leisure, sports, and professional integration. SPF works with local organizations across the world on the implementation of development projects adjusted to the needs of local communities while respecting the cultures of the local people".



Legislation & Proposals


Fighting Food Waste: Proposals for a Public Policy (NRDC 2015)


This report proposes 36 changes the French government need to make to address food waste. "The authors assert as a core principle the idea that food is not a commodity like other commodities and that preventing food waste is the highest priority". It gave the government a genuine roadmap to tackle the problem. A couple examples included:

  • Clarify expiration dates on food products

  • Offer lifelong education about sustainable food

  • Ban supermarkets from throwing away edible excess food

  • Establish a European committee against food waste


Six of these 36 proposals were approved by both the French Parliament within months.


Garot Law (Garot 2016)


After passing the Garot Law, France become the first country in the world to ban supermarkets from throwing away or destroying unsold food. They are instead responsible to forge an agreement with charities and food banks. (Condamine 2020)


Restaurants must offer "doggy bags".


After determining that the barrier to reducing food waste in the commercial sector in France was cultural, the Garot Law was introduced to mandate restaurants to offer "doggy bags" to customers.

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What you can do:


Read our other blogs:

https://www.foodcirclenl.org/blog


Check out our recipes to reduce food waste:

https://www.foodcirclenl.org/recipes


Follow Food circle over on social media:

Twitter: https://twitter.com/foodcircleams

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/food.circle.ams/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FoodCircleAms

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/food-circle-amsterdam/

Minds: https://www.minds.com/FSEN/


Download and use food waste applications


Eric's Recommendation (for those of you in France):

Support phenix: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.phenix.cajou&hl=en_GB&gl=US


Download the international “Too good to go”

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.app.tgtg&hl=en_GB&gl=US



Another community Olio app has a broader goal of sustainability, where you can find furniture, food and all sorts, completely free! You can even borrow things from others and engage more with your community!


https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.olioex.android&hl=en_GB&gl=US

 

References


United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division., 2021. SDG Indicators [online]. Available from: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2021/ [11.03.22].


Economist Impact,. Koehring. M, Chow. M, Lin. L.., 2021. Food Sustainability Index 2021: Global Executive Summary [online]. London, England.



The Guardian, Chrisafis. A., 2016. French law forbids food waste by supermarkets | France | The Guardian [online]. London: Guardian media group. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/04/french-law-forbids-food-waste-by-supermarkets [30/03/22].


France 24, Medina. M., 2016. ‘Doggy bag’ law comes into force in France [online]. Paris: France Médias Monde. Available from: https://www.france24.com/en/20160104-france-doggy-bag-law-restaurants-food-waste [30/03/22].


Garot, G., 2016. Relative à la lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire. Journal officiel de la République française [online], Volume number 1 (12 february 2016),. Page numbers 1,2 .


Zero Waste Europe, Condamine. P., 2020. France’s law for fighting food waste [online]. Brussels: ZWE.


Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc (NRDC), Mourad. M., 2015. France moves toward a national policy against food waste [online]. New York: NRDC. R-15-08-b


Too Good To Go Aps. 2022. Too Good To Go (22.3.1). [Mobile app]. [30/03/22].


OLIO. 2022. Olio (2.92.7). [Mobile app]. [14/03/22].


Phenix SAS. 2022. Phenix, anti-waste & good deal (3.73.1). [Mobile app]. [30/03/22].

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